Senegal, Gambia
Guinea-Bissau, considered as
the economic region of SeGABi

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Formalized border trade between Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and the Gambia would result in win-win situation for all countries. The countries should consider collaborating on cross-border policies to collect duties, which would allow Guinea-Bissau to experience lower unofficial trade and generate higher duty revenues; Senegal to achieve increased volume of officially traded RCN, with scale benefits; and the Gambia to achieve increased official export and income. In addition, regional collaboration across research, new planting material (grafted seedlings), and extension models would result in significant benefits for all three countries. Given that access to finance challenges are similar in each country, SeGaBi could also develop common strategies to deal with access to finance challenges from a regional level.

Key Features

While each country in the SeGaBi region has its own unique prevailing conditions, opportunities, and challenges for the cashew value chain, this section highlights some of the overall characteristics. 

Senegal

Statistics

  • Surface Area, km2 : 196 722
  • Population, people: 17 738 795
  • GDP, M.$ : 23 498

Cashew Sector

  • Production (T, 2019 E) : 30 000
  • Average KOR (lbs) : 50-52
  • Average yield (kg/ha) : 300-400
  • Processing capacity
    (Tons of NCB, 2019 E) : 5 400
  • Processing Utilization
    (Tonne of NCB, 2019 E) : 2 600

Gambia

Statistics

  • Surface Area, km2 : 196 722
  • Population, people: 17 738 795
  • GDP, M.$ : 23 498

Cashew Sector

    • Production (T, 2019 E) : 30 000
    • Average KOR (lbs) : 50-52
    • Average yield (kg/ha) : 300-400
    • Processing capacity
      (Tons of NCB, 2019 E) : 5 400
    • Processing Utilization
      (Tonne of NCB, 2019 E) : 2 600

Guinea-Bissau

Statistics

  • Surface Area, km2 : 196 722
  • Population, people: 17 738 795
  • GDP, M.$ : 23 498

Cashew Sector

    • Production (T, 2019 E) : 30 000
    • Average KOR (lbs) : 50-52
    • Average yield (kg/ha) : 300-400
    • Processing capacity
      (Tons of NCB, 2019 E) : 5 400
    • Processing Utilization
      (Tonne of NCB, 2019 E) : 2 600
Combined RCN production of the SeGaBi region is around 260,000 MT per annum, with an average minimum outturn quality of 52 lbs – higher than the global average of 51 lbs. Over 80 percent of SeGaBi RCN comes from Guinea-Bissau. SeGaBi has close geographical borders and all three countries are closely linked and connected when it comes to RCN production and trade. The overwhelming majority of RCN production (98%) is exported to foreign processor, as the RCN processing industries in all three countries remain underdeveloped. In this way, the RCN trade heavily dominates the overall regional value-chain.